- Built in the Delhi Fort by Shah Jahan in 1637.
- The Rang Mahal in plan is 153’ X 69’, consisting of a main central hall with smaller compartments at each end.
- The central hall is divided into 15 bays of 20’ side each by means of ornamental piers.
- Originally, its outer arches were filled in with perforated screens and there were triple arches of lattice work placed across the centre of each side.
- The structure takes the form of a open pavilion in one storey, its façade of engrailed arches shaded by a wide eave or chhajja. Above this rises a parapet and from each corner a graceful kiosk.
- The piers are massive and twelve sided, giving a spacious soffit to the arches.
- Ornamentation of gilt coloured and inlaid patterns are distributed throughout the structure.
- Within the foliations of the walls, piers and arches, conventional flowers were introduced freely, the Mughals being enamored of flowers.